Halong Bay famous with beautiful mountains, water, clouds, caves and grottoes. Many, however, do not realize that Halong was also the cradle of an ancient people who helped create the present Ha??long culture.
Van A?on is also a site that witnessed glorious feats of war against the invasion of the Yuan-Mongols aggressors. It was here that the enemy, General Truong Ho, had an entire fleet of food supply boats set ablaze by Tran Khanh Du. This contributed greatly to the victory of Bach A?ang.
Closely linked to this animated commercial centre were many religious architectural constructions; built to meet the requirements of both traders and the population thatAi??practicedAi??Catholicism and Buddhism.
At Soi Nhai???, researchers found three fossilized human skeletons. In particular, in the central zone of the present UNESCO World Heritage Site area, there have been recent discoveries of fascinating archaeological finds: Me Cung, Thien Long and Tien Ong grottoes. The quantity of ancient shellfish in the Melina Spring, indicated by the 1.5 m-thick heaps of shells, amounts to hundreds of cubic metres.
The archaeological sites of the Ha?? Long culture are distributed everywhere, but are mostly found on the sandy beaches of the coastline, and in these caves and grottoes: Ngoc Vung, Tuan Chau, Xich Tho and A?ong Mang. There are also sites far from the coast, such as Thoi Gieng and Tien Ong. Wherever the remnants of the first peoples of Halong are found, they seem to bear a common characteristic: the same materials, techniques, forms and designs. Scientists have called it the ai???Halong culture of the late period of the new Stone Age.ai???