Halong Bay famous with beautiful mountains, water, clouds, caves and grottoes. Many, however, do not realize that Ha?? Long was also the cradle of an ancient people who helped create the present Ha?? Long culture.
VA?n A?ai??i??n is also a site that witnessed glorious feats of war against the invasion of the Yuan-Mongols aggressors. It was here that the enemy, General Tr?i????ng Hai??i??, had an entire fleet of food supply boats set ablaze by Tra?i??n KhA?nh D?i??. This contributed greatly to the victory of Ba??ch A?a?i??ng.
Closely linked to this animated commercial centre were many religious architectural constructions; built to meet the requirements of both traders and the population that practised Catholicism and Buddhism
At Soi Nhai???, researchers found three fossilized human skeletons. In particular, in the central zone of the present UNESCO World Heritage Site area, there have been recent discoveries of fascinating archaeological finds: MA? Cung, ThiA?n Long and TiA?n Ai??ng grottoes. The quantity of ancient shellfish in the Melina Spring, indicated by the 1.5 m-thick heaps of shells, amounts to hundreds of cubic metres.
The archaeological sites of the Ha?? Long culture are distributed everywhere, but are mostly found on the sandy beaches of the coastline, and in these caves and grottoes: Ngai???c Vai??i??ng, Tua?i??n ChA?u, XAi??ch ThA? and A?A?ng Mang. There are also sites far from the coast, such as Thoi GiA?ng and TiA?n Ai??ng. Wherever the remnants of the first peoples of Ha?? Long are found, they seem to bear a common characteristic: the same materials, techniques, forms and designs. Scientists have called it the ai???Ha?? Long culture of the late period of the new Stone Age.ai???
In CA?i LAi??ng Wharf, along to 200m-long coastline scientists had found broken pieces of pottery and china forming a 0.6 m-thick layer. Ages date from between the LA? and Tra?i??n dynasties. Here, there are also foundations of ancient houses once built along the wharf. Apart from here, many other ancient wharves have been found, such as: Cai??i??ng A?A?ng, CA?ng YA?n, Ngai???c Vai??i??ng, Quan La??n and CA?i Ba?i??u. They have featured similar artefacts.
On Cai??i??ng A?A?ng Island alone, four pagodas were built. Among them, the LA?m Pagoda is one of the most ancient in the area. It was built under the Tra?i??n Dynasty with three gates, a shrine to Buddha, anterior cult room and house of ancestors. On the north-east side of the pagoda was a tower, the remnants of which indicate it was a large and solemn construction.