Mong Cai is a district-level city of Quang Ninh province in northern Vietnam, on the border with Dongxing town, Fangchenggang, Guangxi Province, China. It has a population of about 103,000. It is known as one of the wealthiest cities in Vietnam with the average income in some areas exceeding 20,000 USD per family. One of these areas is the Tran Phu ward.
The volume of trade between Vietnam and China through the Mong Cai border gate reached 2.4 and 4.1 billion USD in 2007, 2008 respectively, the highest among the Vietnam-China border gates. The volume trade is increasing significantly year by year. In particular, counting up to the end of March 2008, the volume trade had reached 720 Million which is equal to 182% in comparison to the same period of last year. The tax revenue of Mong Cai in 2008 was more than 1,700 Billion VND (nearly US$100 Million) equal to 150% to the year of 2007 result in the fact that Mong Cai is only district level area in northern Vietnam has tax revenue more than 1,000 billion and rank 3rd in whole nation.
Regarding the urbanization, in 2008, Mong Cai has been upgraded to “third urban area” in and recognized as city in the end of 2008. Mong Cai is also known as “Market city” because six big markets are located in the city center. Tourists can find anything there.
Because of the nearby Tra co beach, Mong Cai attracts many Vietnamese tourists who come every year from Hanoi or Haiphong, two of Vietnam’s biggest cities. With two five-star hotels and a great number of private hotels and guesthouses, it is very easy for Mong Cai to provide more than adequate lodging for tourists.
Many languages are spoken in Mong Cai. Everyone speaks Vietnamese as the native language. Cantonese is widely spoken in center market and English is becoming the second language of the younger generation. Mandarin Chinese is also spoken there, especially in commercial areas.
As of 2003 the district had a population of 72,960. The district covers an area of 515 kmA?.